Several clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of plant sterol enriched foods have been conducted in Australia. These include:
Nestel P, Cehun M, Pomeroy S et al. Cholesterol-lowering effects of plant sterol esters and no-esterified stanols in margarine, butter and low-fat foods. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001 Dec;55(12):1084-90. Clifton PM, Noakes M, Ross D, Fassoulakis A, Cehun M, Nestel P. High dietary intake of phytosterol esters decreases carotenoids and increases plasma plant sterol levels with no additional cholesterol lowering. J Lipid Res. 2004 Aug;45(8):1493-9. Patch CS, Tapsell LC, Williams PG. Plant sterol/stanol prescription is an effective treatment strategy for managing hypercholesterolemia in outpatient clinical practice. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Jan;105(1):52-3.